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BAROMETER DER MITARBEITERKAPITALBETEILIGUNG-POLITIK IN EUROPA
JUNI 2017

NEUE ENTWICKLUNGEN

Außer in Frankreich haben alle jüngeren politischen Entwicklungen in Europa den Weg zu mehr Mitarbeiterkapitalbeteiligung geebnet. Norwegen verdoppelte die steuerlichen Anreize am 1.1.2017. Polen bereitet eine entsprechende Gesetzgebung vor. Irland kündigt neue Anreize für Mitarbeiterbeteiligungen in KMU an, die im Jahr 2018 eingeführt werden sollen, ebenso wie die Niederlande, die eine günstigere steuerliche Behandlung von Aktienoptionen für Mitarbeiter von innovativen Start-ups auf den Weg bringen wollen. Diese neuen Entwicklungen bestätigen den seit 2013 zu beobachtenden positiven Trend.

Auf der anderen Seite finden wir in Frankreich eine restriktive Haltung, indem die alte Regierung in 2017 die positiven Bestimmungen des achtzehn Monate zuvor eingeführten  „Macron-Gesetzes“ nicht umgesetzt hat. Das erklärt den Rückgang des aktuellen Barometers.

Die negativen politischen Entscheidungen in Frankreich schon seit 2009 beeinflussen leider die Statistiken zur Entwicklung der Mitarbeiter-beteiligung in Europa insgesamt.

Frankreich ist somit der Ausgangspunkt für den heute niedrigeren „Demokratisierungs-Index“; die Anzahl der Mitarbeiter-aktionäre ist dort auf drei Millionen zurückgegangen. Dies sind ca. eine Million Aktionäre weniger, als vor dem Politikwechsel.


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BACKGROUND

After increasing continuously since 1980, the number of employee shareholders in Europe was slightly declining from 2011, before stabilizing in 2015 (See Annual Economic Survey of Employee Share Ownership in European Countries in 2016).

This was partly due to the impact of the European financial crisis that erupted in 2008. However, the impact of the policy decisions taken in European countries was probably the most important factor in this change.

It is known that the mass development of employee share ownership depends mainly on incentive policies (See Fiscal incentives are indispensable prerequisites for the development of employee share ownership, EFES, 2014). The mass development of employee share ownership brings better motivation, productivity, profitability, higher growth, more and better jobs. This is good for all. But it depends on policy will to initiate the virtuous circle through appropriate fiscal incentives.

A recent study showed that the balance of fiscal costs and benefits of the ESOP policy for the US federal budget in 2015 was 2 billion $ compared to 17, a gain of 15 billion $ (See The Impact of Employee Ownership and ESOPs on Layoffs and the Costs of Unemployment to the Federal Government, NCEO, 2015).

After 2008, some European countries took negative decisions, removing or decreasing fiscal incentives, which led to a decline of the number of employee shareholders. Some other European countries took the opposite way, applying new or higher incentives, which led to a higher number of employee shareholders.

In 2009-2012, France and Ireland reduced their fiscal incentives, as well as Denmark, Greece and The Netherlands, where all incentives were removed. In contrast, significant policy progress occurred in the UK in 2014-2016, as well as in Spain, in Hungary, in Austria (which doubled its fiscal support on 1.1.2016), and in Romania and Iceland.

In addition Denmark restored in July 2016 the incentives that were removed in 2011. This is typical of the recent changes in European policies: One of the first deeds of the new Danish Government in 2011 (Ms Thorning-Schmidt, socialist) was to remove all incentives. One of the first deeds of the new Danish Government in 2016 (Lars Rasmussen, conservative-liberal) was to restore them.

More recently, Norway doubled its fiscal support on 1.1.2017.

Finally, Vice-Prime Minister Morawiecki announced a long-term plan in five points for the development of Poland, including employee share ownership, and a new Polish "Forum for Employee Ownership and Domestic Capital Development" was set up in April 2016.

All these policy decisions in various European countries, in a positive or a negative way, can be summarized through a single dedicated tool. This is the reason of the setting up of the EFES "Barometer of employee share ownership policies in European countries".

 

 


 

 

Information and contact
EFES - EUROPEAN FEDERATION OF EMPLOYEE SHARE OWNERSHIP
EFMK - EUROPÄISCHE FÖDERATION FÜR MITARBEITERKAPITALBETEILIGUNG
Avenue Voltaire 135, B-1030 Brüssel
Tel: +32 (0)2 242 64 30 - Fax: +32 (0)2 808 30 33
E-mail: efes@efesonline.org
Web site: www.efesonline.org
Die EFES ist die Dachorganisation für Mitarbeiteraktionäre, Unternehmen und jeder Person, Gewerkschaft, Experte, Forscher, Institution, die Mitarbeiterkapitalbeteiligung in Europa fördern wollen.

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