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Mit Ausnahme von Frankreich zielen die jüngsten politischen Entscheidungen zur Mitarbeiterkapitalbeteiligung in Europa auf einen Ausbau der steuerlichen Anreize:

· Polen bereitet eine entsprechende Gesetzgebung vor.

· Die schwedische Regierung erwägt die Einführung von Steuervergünstigungen für kleine und mittlere Unternehmen ab 2018.

· In Irland sollen ebenfalls in 2018 neue Anreize für Beteiligungsangebote kleiner und mittlerer Unternehmen geschaffen werden.

Diese neuen Entwicklungen bestätigen den seit 2013 zu beobachtenden positiven Trend: Die jüngsten politischen Entscheidungen für mehr Mitarbeiterkapitalbeteiligung in Europa sind positiv.



After increasing continuously since 1980, the number of employee shareholders in Europe was slightly declining from 2011, before stabilizing in 2015 (See Annual Economic Survey of Employee Share Ownership in European Countries in 2015).

This was partly due to the impact of the European financial crisis that erupted in 2008. However, the impact of the policy decisions taken in European countries was probably the most important factor in this change.

It is known that the mass development of employee share ownership depends mainly on incentive policies (See Fiscal incentives are indispensable prerequisites for the development of employee share ownership, EFES, 2014). The mass development of employee share ownership brings better motivation, productivity, profitability, higher growth, more and better jobs. This is good for all. But it depends on policy will to initiate the virtuous circle through appropriate fiscal incentives.

A recent study showed that the balance of fiscal costs and benefits of the ESOP policy for the US federal budget in 2015 was 2 billion $ compared to 17, a gain of 15 billion $ (See The Impact of Employee Ownership and ESOPs on Layoffs and the Costs of Unemployment to the Federal Government, NCEO, 2015).

After 2008, some European countries took negative decisions, removing or decreasing fiscal incentives, which led to a decline of the number of employee shareholders. Some other European countries took the opposite way, applying new or higher incentives, which led to a higher number of employee shareholders.

In 2009-2012, France and Ireland reduced their fiscal incentives, as well as Denmark, Greece and The Netherlands,  where all incentives were removed. In contrast, significant policy progress occurred in the UK in 2014-2016, as well as in Spain, in Hungary, in Austria (which doubled its fiscal support on 1.1.2016), and in Romania. In addition Denmark restored in July 2016 the incentives that were removed in 2011.

This is typical of the recent changes in European policies: One of the first deeds of the new Danish Government in 2011 (Ms Thorning-Schmidt, socialist) was to remove all incentives. One of the first deeds of the new Danish Government in 2016 (Lars Rasmussen, conservative-liberal) is to restore them.

Finally, Vice-Prime Minister Morawiecki announced a long-term plan in five points for the development of Poland, including employee share ownership, and a new Polish "Forum for Employee Ownership and Domestic Capital Development" was set up in April 2016.

All these policy decisions in various European countries, in a positive or a negative way, can be summarized through a single dedicated tool. This is the reason of the setting up of the EFES "Barometer of employee share ownership policies in European countries".




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Die EFES ist die Dachorganisation für Mitarbeiteraktionäre, Unternehmen und jeder Person, Gewerkschaft, Experte, Forscher, Institution, die Mitarbeiterkapitalbeteiligung in Europa fördern wollen.

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